Peace Dale Manufacturing Company records, 1699-1963 (inclusive)

About this Collection

Peace Dale Manufacturing Company
Account books.Bookkeeping records.Daybooks.Legal instruments.Property records.Ledgers (account books).Correspondence.
Collection Title
Peace Dale Manufacturing Company records, 1699-1963 (inclusive)
115 linear ft. (220 v. and 122 boxes).
Baker Library, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
To cite this material, use the information provided in the "Cite" tab in the top menu of the viewer with the digitized image. Please also add Colonial North America at Harvard Library to each citation.
Hazard, Thomas R. (Thomas Robinson)
Hazard, John N. (John Newbold)
Ayrault, Peter
Hughes, T. R
Hazard family
Hazard, Isaac Peace
Hazard, Rowland
Hazard, Rowland Gibson
Hazard, Joseph P
Neyle, Sampson
More ...

Content Notes

The Peace Dale Manufacturing Company records contain bound volumes and unbound manuscripts relating to five generations of the Hazard family's ownership and operation of a textile business located in Peace Dale, Rhode Island. The collection includes financial material, production and payroll records, correspondence, family deeds and trusts, and investments and business ventures of Hazard family members. The records highlight the progression from a small textile mill to a large manufacturing company forged built on relationships made with Southern plantation owners and their desire for custom slave clothing and shoes. Within the collection are swatches of textiles in many different colors, patterns, and thickness. Included are the records of the Narragansett Pier Railroad Company, a small railway, owned and operated by the Hazard family include administrative. The bulk of the material relates to their ownership and management of the southern Rhode Island textile manufacturing firm throughout the 19th century including general accounting and production records, orders, sales, and correspondence with firm's selling agents: S. B. and Buffum (1854), Jenkins and Huntington (1860), Fairbanks and Martin (1871), and Martin and Buffum (1885).|Some of the bound volumes contain records for companies or business entities owned and operated by Hazard ancestors and their business partners. These materials were produced prior to the founding of R.G. Hazard & Co., later Peace Dale Mfg. Co. Represented in the bound volumes are Rowland Hazard I's first cousin, John Robinson, Jr. and his business partner, Peter Ayrault, both of Charleston, South Carolina. Also included is material pertaining to a store owned by Isaac Peace, Mary Peace's father; a flour mill located in Trenton, NJ, owned by Mary's grandfather, Joseph Peace; and the Hopkinton Manufacturing Co., owned by cousin Jonathan Hazard in southwestern Rhode Island. Many investment interests of the Hazard family are represented, including the Providence and Stonington and the Narragansett Pier Railroads, and the Wisconsin Central Railroad.

Biographical Notes

Textile manufacturing enterprise, Peace Dale, R.I. founded by Rowland Hazard in 1802 and continued under the leadership of his sons Isaac Peace Hazard, Rowland G. Hazard, and Joseph Peace Hazard. Chartered by the state of Rhode Island as the Peace Dale Manufacturing Company in 1848. The firm remained in the Hazard family until 1918, when it was sold to M. T. Stevens and Sons Company. Stevens closed the mills in 1948. In early years the firm manufactured coarse goods, including clothing for slaves on southern plantations. Later they made very fine goods, serges, worsteds, shawls, and cassimeres. Chiefly a woolen firm, although some cotton was manufactured. Some of the company's mills in Rhode Island were known as the Carolina Mills.