William Bond & Son records and Bond family papers, 1724-1931 (inclusive), 1769-1931 (bulk)

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About this Item

Creator
William Bond & Son
Type
Account books.Certificates.Circular.Commonplace books.Contracts.Correspondence.Daybooks.Deeds.Diaries.Diplomas.Ephemera.Financial records.Invoices.Legal instruments.Medals.Passports.Photographs.Technical illustrations (images).Testimonials.Watches.
Language
English
Origin
Massachusetts
Description
5.5 linear feet (6 documentboxes, 9 flat boxes, 4 portfolio folders).
Repository
Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments, Harvard University
Identifier
colonialnorthamerica.library.harvard.edu/990006033570203941
Subjects
Bond, George Phillips
Bond, Mary
Bond, Richard Fifield
Bond, Sarah Apthorp Cunningham
Bond, Selina Cranch
Bond, William Cranch
Boott, Francis
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering)
Burns, Anthony
Clinch, J. Morton (John)
More ...
Clinch, Joseph H
Coolidge, Sidney
Cromwell, Oliver
Cross, Charles R. (Charles Robert)
Cutter, Charles A. (Charles Ammi)
Davis, C. H. (Charles Henry)
Elson, George H
Everett, Edward
Gay, Ebenezer
Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William)
Hutton, John
Lawrence, Abbott
Norton, Charles Eliot
Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles)
Quincy, Josiah
Roberts, Joseph J. (Joseph Jenkins)
Rogers, William A. (William Augustus)
Whiting, Sarah F
Whitney, Mary Watson
Wilkes, Charles
Winlock, Joseph
Woodward, Robert Simpson
Bond family
Cranch family
American Watch Company.
Bausch & Lomb Optical Company.
Boston and Providence Railroad.
Boston Optical Works.
Crystal Palace (Great Exhibition, 1851, London, England).
Cunard Steamship Company, ltd.
Elgin National Watch Co.
Harvard College Observatory.
Harvard University--Astronomy
Harvard University--Faculty
Harvard University--Scientific apparatus collections
Magnin Guedin & Co.
National Society of the Colonial Dames of America.
Palmer, Batchelder & Co.
Parkinson and Frodsham (Firm).
Pennsylvania Railroad.
Royal Astronomical Society.
Tiffany and Company.
U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
United States.
United States and Mexican Boundary Survey.
United States Coast Survey.
United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842).
United States Naval Academy
United States Naval Observatory.
Vassar College.
William Bond & Son.
Advertising
Aneroid barometers
Astronomers--United States
Astronomical instruments
Astronomical observatories--Massachusetts--Cambridge
Astronomy--Research
Bankruptcy--Massachusetts--Boston
Chronograph
Chronometers--Awards
Chronometers--Specifications
Clock and watch making--Massachusetts
Clocks and watches--Marketing
Geodesy
Horology
Instrument manufacture--Massachusetts--Boston
Longitude--Measurement--History
Manufactures--Massachusetts--Boston
Navigation--Equipment and supplies--History
Railroads--Time standards
Scientific apparatus and instruments
Surveying
Time--Systems and standards
Boston (Mass.)
Cambridge (Mass.)
Massachusetts
Laconia (N.H.)
United States--Surveys

Content Notes

This collection consists of personal papers of clock maker and astronomer William Cranch Bond (1789-1859) and his family, the records of the company William Bond & Son, of Boston, Massachusetts, some records of the Harvard College Observatory, papers of J. Morton Clinch, photographs, printed material, and medals and watches, dated from 1724 to 1931.

Biographical Notes

William Bond & Son was established in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1793 by William Bond, Sr., (1754-1848) an English silversmith and watch maker. His son, the astronomer William Cranch Bond (1789-1859), joined him in the business, which later expanded to include his sons, Joseph Cranch Bond (1823-1860) and Richard Fifield Bond (1827-1866) partners. His other son, George Phillips Bond (1825-1865), also worked for the firm, which manufactured, imported, and repaired clocks, watches, and chronometers. William Cranch Bond constructed the first American-made marine chronometer, and the business supplied and repaired chronometers for the United States government, which were used in surveys of the Atlantic Coast and the Colorado River. William Cranch Bond and George P. Bond also devised a break circuit device that attached to the escapement of a clock, which became the foundation of the new "American method" of determining longitude. The device, which they termed a "spring governor," earned a Council Medal at the London Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851. William Cranch Bond and Joseph C. Bond sold their shares in the company to Richard F. Bond in 1857. Other family members who later joined the business included William Cranch Bond's nephew, J. Morton Clinch (1833-1908) and grandson William C. Bond (born 1860). William Bond & Son ceased manufacturing clocks and chronometers in 1889, though it did not close until 1977.