Lyman Spalding papers, 1793-1965 (inclusive), 1793-1820 (bulk)

About this Collection

Spalding, Lyman , 1775-1821
Manuscripts (document genre)Admission tickets.Correspondence.Medical records.Natural history specimens.
Collection Title
Lyman Spalding papers, 1793-1965 (inclusive), 1793-1820 (bulk)
1.01 cubic feet in 4 flat storage boxes.
Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine

Content Notes

The Lyman Spalding papers, 1793-1965 (inclusive), 1793-1820 (bulk), contain correspondence of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, physician Lyman Spalding (1775-1821), his lecture notes on anatomy and surgery, Spalding's patient case histories and case reports, essays on medicine and meterology, and tickets of admission to medical lectures at Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania. There are also botanical specimens Spalding collected in Portsmouth, and a small amount of twentieth century material on the gift of the collection to Harvard.
  • Papers are in English.

Biographical Notes

Lyman Spalding (1775-1821), M.B., honorary M.D., Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, practiced medicine in New Hampshire and New York. He was noted for his work in smallpox vaccination, treatment of yellow fever, and study of anatomy. Spalding taught chemistry at Dartmouth Medical School and Fairfield Medical College for several years. He also founded the Pharmacopœia of the United States of America. Spalding studied under John Warren (1753-1815), Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846), and Aaron Dexter (1750-1829), and he was the twenty-second graduate of the Harvard Medical School in 1797. Physician Nathan Smith (1762-1829) was a mentor to Spalding in his youth, and after graduating Harvard, Spalding moved back to New Hampshire to help Smith found Dartmouth Medical School in 1797. He was a lecturer there in chemistry, and he also established a medical practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In 1800, Spalding resigned from his full-time lectureship at Dartmouth to focus on his medical practice, although he continued to teach part time until 1802. He received cowpox matter from Harvard Medical School Professor Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846), who introduced smallpox vaccination in the Unites States, and in 1800, Spalding became the first physician in New Hampshire to vaccinate patients against smallpox. He also initiated an annual bill of mortality for the Portsmouth population. Spalding was elected to the New Hampshire Medical Society in 1801, and in 1811 he served as its vice president. He moved his practice and his family to New York City in 1816, and he began giving lectures at Fairfield Medical College. In 1817, at meeting of the New York County Medical Society, Spalding proposed that a national Pharmacopœia be assembled. The United States Pharmacopœia was published in 1820.