Waterhouse family papers, 1780-1871 (inclusive), 1811-1818 (bulk)

About this Collection

Waterhouse family.
Manuscripts (document genre)Biographies.Certificates.Correspondence.Diaries.Diplomas.Medical records.
Collection Title
Waterhouse family papers, 1780-1871 (inclusive), 1811-1818 (bulk)
.5 cubic feet in 1 flat storage box and 1 half legal document box.

Content Notes

Waterhouse family papers, 1780-1894 (inclusive), 1811-1818 (bulk) principally consist of the correspondence of Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846) and John Fothergill Waterhouse (1791-1817) with family members. Also included are medical, subject, and lecture notes; writings; a journal; and a biography of Benjamin Waterhouse.

Biographical Notes

Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846), Hersey Professor of Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard Medical School, introduced vaccination against smallpox to the United States. Born in Newport, Rhode Island in 1754, Waterhouse traveled to Europe in 1775, studying at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Leyden in the Netherlands, where he earned an MD in 1780. While attending Leyden, Waterhouse stayed in the home of John Adams, then American minister to the Netherlands. After returning to the United States, he became the first professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School (1782) and was one of the three original members of the Harvard Medical School faculty. Waterhouse married Elizabeth Oliver in 1788 and they had six children: Andrew Oliver (1789); John Fothergill (1791); Elizabeth Watson (1793); Daniel Oliver (1795); Benjamin, Jr. (1797); and Mary (1799). Elizabeth Oliver Waterhouse died in 1815, and Waterhouse remarried in 1819 to Louisa Lee. Benjamin Waterhouse died in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1846 at the age of 92. John Fothergill Waterhouse was Waterhouse's second-eldest son. He studied at Andover Academy before graduating from Harvard College (1811) and University of Pennsylvania Medical School (1813). After obtaining his MD, John Fothergill Waterhouse began a medical practice in Philadelphia, but he contracted tuberculosis, and died in 1817.