Invoice from Silvester Gardiner to Robert Southgate, 1769 January 24

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Content Notes

Receipted invoice for medicines, instruments, and medical texts purchased by Dr. Robert Southgate (1741-1833) from by Dr. Silvester Gardiner (1708-1786), dated 24 January 1769. Medicines acquired included Cortex. Peru (Peruvian bark), Mercurius Dulcis, cream of tartar, and allum; instruments included "crooked needles" and lancets; and books included Robert James' "Pharmacopoeia universalis: or, A new universal English dispensatory" and John Barrow's "New Medical Dictionary." There are also several modern typed transcriptions of the letter, and biographical information on the Doolittle family, who were treated by Gardiner.

Biographical Notes

Silvester Gardiner (1708-1786) was a physician and apothecary who practiced in Boston, Massachusetts, and in Maine. He studied medicine at St. James Hospital in London under William Cheselden (1688-1752), before establishing his practice in Boston, where he often took on medical apprentices. A Loyalist during the American Revolution, much of Gardiner's property in Massachusetts was confiscated by the government, and he moved to England for a number of years, before returning to the United States in 1785, when he relocated to Maine.